Handbook

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Organization Outline

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Jr. Board & Fleet Captains

Serving as a Junior Officer or Fleet Captain provides an opportunity for Jr. Members to get more involved in Coronado Yacht Club activities and charitable events in the community, as well as have a voice in club issues.The term of office is from January 1st through December 31st of the following year. All Junior Officers and Fleet Captains should encourage water safety, participation in CYC events and discourage pollution of any kind to our waters.Nominations begin in October and must be submitted to the Jr. Director. Acceptance of a nomination is determined when candidates submit an application to the Jr. Director. Every CYC membership (Flag member, Junior Flag and Junior member) is given 1 (one) vote at the Juniors Annual Awards Dinner in January. The Jr. Board will be announced within the week following the Jr. Awards Dinner.

To view our current Jr. Board & Staff, please visit our Junior Sailor’s Program Jr. Board & Staff section.

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Jr. Constitution & Bylaws

  • Each year in November, Jr. Officers of the Club shall be appointed, to consist of a Jr. Commodore, Vice Commodore, Rear Commodore and Fleet Captains for Sabot A, Sabot B, Sabot C, Laser, 420, 29er and Jr. Anglers Fleets. After a full term of office, Jr. Commodores on retiring shall rank as Staff Junior Commodores.
  • These Officers shall constitute a Board of Directors who will have a voice in the affairs of the Junior Division; subject only to such necessary conditions the Senior Club may impose.
  • A governing committee, appointed by the Senior Club, and consisting of a minimum of four Senior members shall act to assist the Jr. Program, with ex-officio capacity to attend all meetings, but without the power to vote. They shall not interfere with the Junior Division’s activities unless called upon to do so by either the Senior or Junior Commodores or Jr. Director only offering their services where needed for maintaining sound and progressive policies.
  • All members will abide by the rules of the Coronado Yacht Club, and shall be privileged to have one representative at the Senior Board meetings without power to vote.
  • The Junior Division shall act at all times in harmony with the Senior Club, and in compliance with yachting traditions.
  • All Junior Members shall be eligible for membership, together with all sons and daughters under the age of twenty-one (21), of Senior Members.
  • Yacht races shall be planned by the Junior Committee to take place on Saturdays or on any other suitable day that will not interfere with the Senior Club schedule.
  • Whenever a club boat is chartered the one held responsible by the owner shall be the captain of the boat, whether he or she handles the tiller or acts as one of the crew.
  • No races shall be allowed for a monetary consideration.
  • No one shall be allowed to partake in any sailing activities unless he or she can swim at least fifty yards, and wears a suitable life jacket when near the water.
  • Junior Board of Directors duties are to be determined by Junior Program Director and include Opening Day festivities, fundraisers, work parties and social events.

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Parents: How to Help the Process

Sports – particularly sailing for children – can provide invaluable tools for building self-confidence, social skills and strong work habits. It takes a coordinated effort from the coaches, staff, and parents for your child to get the most out of the program.

Tips for Success

Parents can help the entire process by doing the following:

  • Utilize this Reference Guide to obtain answers to your questions.
  • Contact the Junior Sailing Director directly with questions or problems. Provide concerns, comments or ideas outside of scheduled class times.
  • Monitor the Jr. Calendar; plan early for events.
  • Volunteer for Jr. Program activities and fundraisers.
  • Ensure sailors arrive to class on time.
  • Notify instructors if sailors must leave early or cannot attend.
  • Ensure sailors come to class with weather appropriate clothing (see “What to Bring”).
  • Support the coaches and leave the coaching to them.
  • Be your child’s “best fan.”
  • Support and root for all sailors.
  • Be involved in the learning process by asking your kids what they learned or what they need to work on, etc.

Regatta Parent

What a parent can do to help ensure sailor enjoys regattas:

  • One parent is expected to attend race regattas with their sailor. If either parent absolutely cannot attend, arrange for another parent to chaperone your sailor.
  • Monitor the Jr. Program Calendar; plan early which regattas to attend.
  • Register early, if required.
  • Ensure child has space for boat on departing trailers and ensure boats are loaded prior to deadline.
  • Verify times to meet at CYC or regatta site.
  • Coordinate food & beverages for the sailor at the regatta.
  • Make sure sailor checks in at registration desk on the morning of the regatta.
  • Make sure extra clothes are available.
  • Provide assistance when asked to do so by coach.
  • Deflect any distractions away from sailors at practice, regattas, or junior functions.
  • Refrain from discussing issues unrelated to sailors having fun or sailing better until off club or regatta site property.
  • Be supportive. Be appropriate.
How to get the most out of the racing experience:
  • Keep winning in perspective; help your child do the same.
  • Help your child set challenging (yet realistic) performance goals, rather than focusing only on “winning.”
  • Help your child understand the valuable lessons sports can teach.
  • Encourage ALL competitors and congratulate those who deserve it.
  • Control your emotions in frustrating situations.
  • Encourage your child to compete against themselves.
  • Don’t define success in terms of winning and losing.
  • Be supportive, but leave the coaching to the coaches.
  • Respect and abide by official decisions.
  • Train children to disregard uncontrollable things – such as other competitor’s actions, heat, wind strength – and to focus on their own efforts instead.
  • Special Requests From Instructors

    We ask that you do NOT help rig your child’s boat on a regular basis. Once in a while a bit of help is great. Knowledge, confidence, and the ability all come from your child being responsible for the routine tasks of sailing. It is also important that the sailors learn to help each other with what they cannot do themselves. Parental coaching during scheduled classes is most likely disruptive to the curriculum and lesson plan.

    We ask that, while you are on club property or at a regatta site, do not discuss topics near sailing students that may be a distraction or that do not help make the sailors experience more fun or more enjoyable. “Politics” and or other issues not directly related to the ongoing class or regatta should be taken off property or another far away location.

    Junior Program Rules, Regulations & Code of Conduct

    Junior Program Rules & Regulations

    The following rules are intended to provide a safe, productive environment for everyone involved in CYC Junior Program:

    • A Coast Guard approved life jacket MUST be worn at all times – on the docks and on the water.
    • No one shall jeopardize the safety of others – or themselves.
    • Participants shall follow the directions of the Junior Program Director.
    • Shoes or water socks shall be worn at all times. Exceptions may only occur while on a boat.
    • Riding bicycles, skates, skateboards, or roller blades is not permitted on club property.
    • Fishing is not permitted from the docks at any time.
    • No one shall board private boats without prior permission.
    • Make a mess, clean a mess!
    • Juniors must stay off the rocks on Club property.
    • Juniors are not to climb or play on boat hoists, lockers, or sail drying poles.
    • Non-Members must leave Club property unless directly involved in scheduled activities.

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    Code of Conduct

    The Coronado Yacht Club Junior Program is committed to developing the youth of Coronado through sailing and other activities that encourage high standards in conduct and behavior. Participants and their parents/guardians must sign this agreement to be included in any activities associated with CYC.

    CYC Junior Program Participants are expected to:

    • Follow the rules and bylaws of the Coronado Yacht Club.
    • Refrain from using foul language.
    • Respect others, their property, and safety.
    • Be responsible for equipment (personal or borrowed).
    • Maintain control of emotions.
    • Compete fairly based on the racing rules, sportsmanship and individual effort.
    • Be gracious in victory and/or defeat.
    • Having entered an event or regatta, honor the commitment to participate. Exceptions would only occur with injury, mechanical breakdown, or other major circumstances.

    Sailors Should Never:

    The sport of sailing requires a respect for safety, Coast Guard and Port regulations, and the marine environment as well. The following rules are intended to provide a safe, productive environment for everyone involved:

    • Swear at, harass, or intimidate anyone.
    • Borrow without permission.
    • Throw anything in the water.
    • Use controlled substances.

    Discipline

    Inappropriate behavior will NOT be tolerated. Behavior that is disruptive to the learning environment, or threatening the safety of others, is considered inappropriate. In cases of such behavior the Jr. Program Director or Instructor will give a verbal warning. If inappropriate behavior continues, participant(s) will be removed from class environment. Serious violations of rules may result in immediate removal from class for duration to be determined by Jr. Program Director, Jr. Advisors, and/or CYC Board of Directors. CYC Board of Directors shall determine whether violations are serious enough for expulsion from the Jr. Program.

    Attendence

    Sailors are expected to show up on time for all classes, rain or shine. If a sailor is unable to attend, or will be late, he/she or a parent must first notify the Jr. Program Director @ 619.435.0522

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    Swim Tests & Swim Test Policies

    All sailors enrolled in CYC sailing classes MUST be able to swim at lease fifty (50) feet without a lifejacket. Swim Test must be performed by Spring, Fall and Summer sailing program participants who have not completed at least two (2) classes in CYC Jr. Program. Swim test is intended to acclimate children to cold water and observe their comfort level in the water.

    • Student puts on lifejacket.
    • Instructor inspects lifejacket and ensures proper fit.
    • Student jumps into the water with lifejacket on and floats for a few seconds.
    • Instructor inspects lifejacket to ensure safe floatation and proper fit.
    • Student demonstrates they can swim a short distance.
    • Student gets out of the water using ladder.
    • Student jumps back into water without lifejacket and demonstrates they can swim fifty (50) feet.
    • NOTE: No one shall swim near moored boats or under docks.

    What if a Sailor Won't Do Swim Test or Cannot Pass Test

    • Report problem/s to Jr. Director or Head Coach.
    • Sailor cannot participate in any activities on the water.
    • Walk up with them to Jr. Office.
    • Refer them to Swim Coach.

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    What to Bring To Class

    It is very important to clearly mark and label all items with permanent ink to help prevent theft or loss.
    It is the responsibility of parents and sailors to ensure that the sailor arrives at sailing class/events with reasonable clothing.

    What You Must Have

    • A properly fitted & Coast Guard approved lifejacket
    • Shoes

    Recommended Items for Your Heath and Safety

    • Sunscreen (SPF-15 or higher)
    • Sunglasses (Polarized)
    • Long sleeve T-shirt
    • Hat to shade the face
    • Water-sock style shoe (like slippers)
    • Windbreaker jacket or sailing “spray top”
    • Water bottle
    • Extra clothes

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    Security of Equipment

    Mark and Label

    Expensive equipment, clothing, gear – everything – should be permanently marked to help ensure they do not disappear. CYC equipment is marked with royal blue tape or paint. It is extremely important to distinctly mark ALL gear such as lifejackets, shirts, shoes, hats, masts, booms, rudders, boat covers, etc. with:

    • Permanent ink
    • Engravement – Engrave Sail Hull #, or Serial #
    • Etcher

    Other Ways to Secure Equipment

    • LOCK IT! Wire cable and a black dial Master padlock will make it easier to secure.
    • Take it home. It’s a hassle, but at least it’s secure.
    Check Lost & Found at the Jr. Clubhouse and/or CYC Front Desk if items are missing.

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    Boat Information

    Boat Charters

    The Coronado Yacht Club has developed a small fleet of boats available for charter at reasonable rates. The CYC presently owns:

    • Sixteen (16) Naples Sabots
    • Eight (8) Bic's (New in March)
    • Six (6) 420’s
    • Eight (8) Lasers
    • Five (5) Windsurfers (New)
    Boat charter fees cover the maintenance of our boats. The costs per sailor/per session are $50 for all CYC boats.

    Boat Storage

    Boat rack storage is available on a first-come, first-served basis, with CYC Members receiving priority. The boat must safely fit on the rack. Non-members are welcome to store their privately owned boat at the club during the duration of the session in which they are enrolled, provided that it is the boat that they are actively using in the class. The boat must be removed immediately at the end of the session. Space is assigned at the discretion of the Jr. Program Director.

    To receive a rack assignment:

    1. Fill out the wait list form at CYC Front Office
    2. Wait for approval from the Jr. Program Director

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    How To Keep Boats Clean

    After Every Sail

    1. Rinse and hand-wash hull – inside and out.
    2. Rinse ALL gear.
    3. Carefully store gear in gear bag, and out of the sun.

    Once A Month

    1. Wash boat thoroughly with biodegradable soap, water, and 3M white scrub pad to remove dirt.
    2. Inspect boat. Write down “work list” – any repairs or improvements needed.
    3. Make repairs.

    Once Every Three Months

    1. Clean boat with biodegradable soap, water, and 3M scrub pad.
    2. Polish boat with Star-Brite polish w/ Teflon. www.starbrite.com
    3. Polish mast with Turtle Wax car wax.
    4. Inspect all bolts, nuts, lines, tiller, rudder, leeboard, and boom carefully for items that may potentially break or come apart.

    Once Every Six Months

    1. Clean boat thoroughly with biodegradable degreaser and water to remove wax build-up.
    2. Remove scuffmarks with acetone solvent.
    3. Fix dings with West System epoxy resin.
    4. Re-apply Star-Brite polish w/ Teflon.

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    Junior Membership & Advantages

    Jr. Membership at Coronado Yacht Club is available to those who want to make boating a part of their life. The Coronado Yacht Club maintains a membership cap of approximately 600 members. Junior Membership has no cap, and no waiting list. Youth Sailors who are interested in becoming a Jr. Member should coordinate the membership process with the Jr. Program Director, or Jr. Office Manager prior to receiving the membership application packet from the front desk. Parents are strongly encouraged to follow through the membership process to ensure application is complete.

    Paying Junior Members pay a monthly fee. Non-paying Junior Members are sons/daughters of an adult (flag) member, and have all the same privileges as paying Junior Members.

    Advantages to Junior Membership

    CYC Junior Members receive discounts for all Junior Programs. They receive the monthly CYC newsletter “The Whisker Pole” and the annual CYC Yearbook. In addition, they are given a 10% reduction in Flag (adult) member initiation dues for each year of tenure in good standing as a Junior Member.
    (See the CYC Yearbook for specific rules regarding age limits and full-time student situations.)

    They receive a CYC Membership Card that can be used to enter other Yacht Clubs that carry reciprocal privileges with CYC. Deferred Flag status is a benefit that qualified Jr. Members may request.
    (See CYC Yearbook for complete details.)

    Jr. Membership offers many other opportunities. Each year, Jr. Board and Fleet Captains are elected to help coordinate Jr. events and promote participation. Jr. Members may be part of the Coronado Yacht Club Rod & Reel Club where they have opportunities to fish, and learn how to respect the environment. Jr. Members can help with our environmental mission to Preserve, Repair, and Enhance Glorietta Bay.

    Several awards are presented to deserving Jr. Members at the annual Trophy Dinner in November. Recipients can then include this recognition on their resumes.

    Non-Members

    Youth sailors, whose parents are not members – and aren’t members themselves – are welcome to utilize the club’s facilities during scheduled junior events and classes. Involvement in the Junior Program alone does not entitle non-members to any membership privileges. Before and after scheduled classes and events, the club grounds are for members only.

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    CYC Sail Class Progression

    Whether you start sailing in the Spring, Summer, or Fall… the following flow chart will give an idea of Sabot progression. Any class may be taken more than once. Sabot Racing Classes are often taken more than once and sometimes several times depending on level of participation.

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    Summer Sailing

    The famous CYC Summer Sailing Program is the opportunity to learn an incredible amount about sailing in a short period of time. Using the CYC Achievement Certification Program, students are expected to participate fully, and as such, the program is not recommended as an option for unenthusiastic sailors. The Summer Program also features racing events, both low-key and high-caliber, and field trips. Check the Jr. Calendar for specific summer dates. The club owns a fleet of Sabots available for charter, at a reasonable fee. Check the Summer Application form for specific schedule and fee amounts.

    Junior Volunteer "Instructor"

    The Junior Volunteer Program is an opportunity for youth to gain experience in a teaching and work environment. They must be at least thirteen (13) years of age. Their duties include assisting the instructional staff by assembling instructional aids, marks, boat keys, radios, first aid kits, helping with on the spot repairs, and – most importantly – assisting on the water. This assistance from our most responsible juniors has been invaluable and very effective. Each applicant must provide a resume. An application can be obtained from the Junior Office.

    Schedule

    There are three (3) separate, two-week sessions that begin in mid-June, right after the end of most school years. We require Jr. Volunteer Instructors for each morning session. Summer Program Class Descriptions (Classes Vary).

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    Coronado High School Sailing Team (CHSST)

    The Coronado Yacht Club is the proud host of the CHS Islander Sailing Team that trains at CYC and competes both regionally and nationally. Parents and/or Volunteers of CHS handle operations. The team is recognized by CHS as a Club and requires an employed representative from the High School to sponsor the team. CHS is represented at regattas by both Varsity and JV teams, and is generally open to 9th-12th grade students, with 8th grade students eligible to practice with the team upon approval from the team Board. Team contact: Jill Powell 619-994-1687.

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    Boat Descriptions

    NAPLES SABOT | www.naples-sabot.org
    The Naples Sabot is the standard junior training boat in the Southern California area. Many world-class sailors started in the Sabot. The Sabot provides a stable, simple, yet capable boat for new and young sailors. Used boats to purchase are available at low cost and they hold their value very well. The International Naples Sabot Class Association (INSA) is the one-design association for the Naples Sabot. It is responsible for the administration of the class, and sanctions the National Championship Regatta. INSA membership is suggested for all Sabot sailors and required for all Sabot racers. INSA membership is $15 annually per skipper. Applications are available in the Junior Office. A $6 late fee will apply to renewals after March 31. Completed applications should be forwarded directly to the INSA secretary.

    INSA Secretary
    Aimee Graham

    • Length: 7’10”
    • Beam: 4’
    • Weight: 95 lbs. min
    • Sail Area: 38 sq. ft.

    LASER & LASER RADIAL | www.laser.org
    The Laser and Laser Radial represent the next step for single-handed sailors who are outgrowing the Sabot. With the inclusion in the Summer Olympics, the full rig Laser (male) and radial (female) has solidified its already strong position as one of the most competitive fleets in the world. On a more local level, the Laser benefits from its fast, economical, competitive, and fun racing. The boat places added emphasis on the physical side of the sport in addition to the common strategic and tactical elements. The Radial rig differs from the full rig because of a shorter mast and slightly smaller sail that accommodates lighter sailors. Recommended sailing weight for Laser Radials is 100–150 pounds. Those above 150 pounds are best suited for full rig Lasers.

    The International Laser Class Association (ILCA) is the one-design class association for all Laser activities. The ILCA is responsible for the administration of the class rules, registration of boats and sanctions all the national championship regattas. All Laser skippers who race must be a member of the class association. As a member, you will receive direct regatta mailing, The Laser Sailor newsletter, stickers and decals, and an official class rulebook. Fees should be sent directly to:

    LASER CLASS Laser & Laser Radial
    27 East 63rd Street
    New York, NY 10021
    Ph: (212) 292-7245
    Fax: (309) 412-7756
    Ryan.minth@nyct.net

    • Length: 13’ 10”
    • Beam: 4’ 6”
    • Sail Area (Full Rig): 76 sq. ft.
    • Sail Area (Radial): 62 sq. ft.

    420 | www.club420.org
    The 420 dinghy is very similar to an FJ. The primary difference is the “trapeze” wire that allows the crew to stand out on the side of the boat to help balance it. The 420 is the primary double-handed boat for youth events nationally and worldwide.

    FJ (Flying Junior) | www.cfjclass.org
    The Flying Junior is very similar to the 420. CYC offers only a couple of FJ classes and does not send coaches to FJ regattas, instead focusing on the 420. High School Sailing and Collegiate Sailing both use the FJ without the spinnaker. The CFJ Class Association is the one-design class association for the Flying Junior (FJ). FJ Class membership is required of at least one (1) member of each two (2) person FJ team. Fees are $15 and should be sent directly to the class secretary.

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    Boat & Sailing Safety

    This section is an excerpt from the Trapeze Safety Clinic presented by Coach Steve Keen at the Coconut Grove Sailing Club during the 2011 Open Orange Bowl Regatta. To view the article in its entirety: http://archive.sailingscuttlebutt.com/news/12/0105/

    Personal Equipment

    Make sure you are using your equipment as it was intended and designed, and don’t buy equipment expecting to grow into it, as it will not fit correctly or function correctly, making the equipment unsafe. Make sure there are no rips or anything that is malfunctioning with the equipment.

    Boat

    Take the time to think about the systems in your boat and see if there are any unnecessary lines that can be removed. Remove all unnecessary loops in systems and think about the knots you are using in your boat. A bowline will create an additional loop that is not needed, where a “knot on a knot” (a half hitch in the rope with a half hitch around the rope) will do the same job without creating a potential hazard. Is there any hardware on the boat that is not necessary or not best suited for the job it is been used?

    Identify a Situation

    The first step is to identify when a coach, parent or other support boat is going to be needed for assistance. When one of the above is on the water in a situation, they will need to identify what is normal and what is not normal.

    • NORMAL: a few normal situations are as follows:
    • THE BOAT INVOLVED: if you are on the boat involved and cannot function as above but are safe, then:
    • RESCUERS:

    Make a Plan

    Once you have identified a situation where you are needed for assistance, you will need to make a plan for best success. Before all else, “Rule number 1, look after number 1”. You need to make sure you are able to help the sailor or sailors who need your help while at the same time making sure you are safe, so you aren’t going to require assistance from someone else.

    Some of the questions you need to cover when making a plan

    • You need to identify who is in need of help, the crew or the skipper or both
    • Did you see the situation develop?
    • Did the team capsize, to leeward or to windward?
    • Did the team nose-dive and capsize over the bow?
    • Is the kite up or kite down?
    • Was the jib cleated?
    • What side of the boat was the jib cleated on?
    • Was the main cleated and in what position?
    • Were the sailor or sailors thrown from the boat?
    • How windy is it?
    • What are the sea conditions?
    • Was there anything strange or different about the capsize?
    • Are there others who are going to be able to help you with the rescue?
    • Where could the sailors be if one of both of them did not surface?

    Execute the Plan

    Once you have made a plan, you then need to act on your plan, keeping in mind your plan may change as information changes or as your environment changes, such as additional rescuers arrive, sea and wind conditions change.

    Person Needing Assistance

    If you find yourself in a position where you are needing help, your first step is to remain calm. If you are becoming panicked, control your breathing to bring your heart rate down so you are able to think clearly and help the situation. If your teammate needs help, again remain calm so you are able to help your teammate and others who may be on site offering assistance.

    • You might be able to pass on valuable information as to where your teammate is
    • What might be wrong
    • Possible solution to correcting the situation
    • Assist in your teammate’s rescue

    “If you become panicked, you are not going to be able to help yourself or anyone else, and you might make the situation worse”

    We spend a lot of time on the water in a variety of roles as race officials, spectators, sailors and coaches. Keeping an eye out for what is normal and what is not normal will help keep you, your teammate and other competitors safe. There is another group of people out on the water that could need your assistance, the general public. There is a chance you will be needed to help in situation involving non-sailors. Keep in mind, “rule number 1, look after number 1”.

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    Event Descriptions

    Your Opportunities to Get Involved (For exact dates of each event, please refer to the Junior Program Calendar) Coronado Yacht Club | www.coronadoyc.org

    Sunday Sail.
    A regatta sailed at CYC on Sundays (with some exceptions). Open to all sailors beyond CYC Gold performance boat handling level. Sailing open to Sabot, Laser Radial and Laser Full-Rig sailors. Adults welcome to sail. Great opportunity to sail and gain experience in a low-key environment. Show up at 12 Noon with a skipper’s meeting at the snack bar at 12:30 PM, and the first of 3 practice races at 1 PM. Free coaching, free boats, and great fun!

    Jr. Parent Meetings
    Parent Meetings are held 2 times per year to help coordinate activities. Parents of all Jr. members and non-members are invited. Mandatory attendance is required of at least one parent of sailor(s) in ongoing Program. Parents must notify the Jr. Program Director if neither is able to attend.

    Jr. Sailor Awards Banquet
    This event, held in January, recognizes all the sailors and supporting volunteers from the Fall and Spring sailing programs.

    CYC Opening Day
    Jr. Board members and Fleet Captains are expected to be present at this ceremony held annually in May, which opens the sailing season. Best sabot competition held before ceremony with the Lenson Sr. Sabot Race afterward.

    Lenson Sr. Sabot Race (Memorial Day)
    Sailed after CYC Opening Day ceremonies. Sr. Sabots sail with a Jr. Race Committee. Everyone sails club Sabots.

    Summer BBQ Lunch Fundraiser
    BBQ style lunches are sold to summer sailors during the lunch break and generally held on last day of summer class. Proceeds go toward boat maintenance.

    Casino Night Fundraiser
    This event is the biggest fundraiser for the Junior Program. Held March 4, 2017, this event combines fun with raising money to replace old boats and equipment.

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    CYC Awards

    The Coronado Yacht Club presents several awards to Junior Members and Junior Program participants at the Annual Trophy Dinner held in November. These awards are presented for superior qualities of attitude, sailing skills, sportsmanship, Corinthian spirit, etc. The purpose of the awards is to recognize individuals who achieve standards well above average. They are intended to provide encouragement and incentive to those who represent CYC and consistently excel in the areas listed above. The “racing season,” for which several Awards are dependent, shall be from the first regatta after the trophy dinner until the Jr. Commodores Regatta at MBYC in November of the following year.

    John Callahan Memorial Trophy
    (Established 2001, the Callahan family and John’s many friends)
    This trophy is to be awarded to an enthusiastic sailor in Coronado Yacht Club’s youth program who demonstrates Persistence, Determination and Regular Participation in an effort to improve his/her sailing skills.

    Cynnie Dennett Memorial Trophy
    (Established 1961, friends of Cynnie Dennett. Amended 1974, R.H. Lenson)
    Presented to the Junior Member of CYC who throughout the year demonstrates superior qualities of Sportsmanship, Personal Conduct, and Helpfulness. Conduct that aids and supports the accomplishment of club sailing, social and other related activities shall be weighed heavily in choosing the recipient. Service as Junior Division officers, committeemen, as well as participation in sailing events is examples of the people to be considered. The CYC Board of Directors appoints selection Committee.

    Scott Harris Memorial Award
    (Established 1989, Friends of Scott Harris)
    Presented to the “Outstanding Junior Competitive Sailor of the Year, under the age of 21, in good standing as CYC Member for previous twelve (12 months), to be selected for their achievements and contributions to the sport of competitive sailing.” Sail Fleet Captain directs the selection process, by ballot, voted by members of CYC, who skipper a yacht they own or charter, which competes in no fewer than twelve (12) club, local, or SCYA races during the twelve (12) months preceding the vote. Should a tie occur in voting, a run-off ballot will be held.

    David Allen Smith
    (Established 1992, CYC Board of Directors)
    Awarded to Jr. Member or Junior Program Participant in recognition of his/her Attitude, Accomplishments, and Sporting Conduct exemplifying the Corinthian spirit in the sport of sailing.

    • Selection shall be jointly by the Jr. Program Director and Jr. Parent Advisor(s).
    • The CYC Board of Directors may, at its pleasure, provide a scholarship or monetary award to the winner.

    Dennlers High Point Perpetual Trophy
    (Established 1966, Philip Dennler)
    Presented to the Naples Sabot Sailor, under the age of 14 who accumulates the highest number of points as determined by the Jr. Program Director in the areas of Racing, Seamanship, Sportsmanship and Boat Maintenance.

    • The class of boat for this award shall be the Naples Sabot. Sailors of all fleets (A,B,C1,C2,C3) shall be eligible.
    • The recipient shall not have reached their 14th birthday by CYC Opening Day (May) of same year.
    • The racing portion of this award shall consist of Summer “Luff-in” regattas at MBYC, CYC and SDYC, and the Sabot Nationals. (see HP formula).
    • Up to 25 points will be awarded by the Jr. Director based on their observations for seamanship and sporting conduct.
    • 20 points will be awarded to all entries in Best Sabot competition held on CYC Opening Day in May.
    • 25 points will be awarded to the overall winner of the competition.

    Laser Fleet Champion
    (Established 1987, Mike Bingham)
    Presented to the Junior Member who has achieved the lowest points (see LP formula) racing in Laser or Laser Radial during the racing season, and consisting of the following regattas:

    • SDAYC “Luff-ins”
    • SCYYRA Ullman/Frost Series
    • If appropriate, award will be presented for Laser “Full-Rig” and Laser Radial sailor, and both names shall be engraved on Perpetual award.

    Sabot Fleet Champion
    (Established 1961, CYC Board of Directors)
    Presented to the Junior Member who has achieved the lowest points (see LP formula) racing the Naples Sabot in the following regattas:

    • SDYC Jr. Invitational
    • SDAYC “Luff-ins”
    • Sabot Nationals
    • MBYC Jr. Commodore’s Regatta

    Junior Commodores Corinthian Award
    (Established 1948, Bob Phillips)
    Presented to the Junior Member that best exemplifies the Corinthian Spirit. The recipient shall be determined by the Junior Program Director and Junior Advisor(s).

    Uncle Bill Junior Yacht Races Perpetual
    (Established 1948, W.F. Betzer, amended 1997 Thom and Gina Bernsen)
    Presented to the Junior Member (skipper) who has accumulated the highest total points (see HP formula) during the year. Points shall be accumulated for any class of boat that is sailed in a sanctioned (SDAYC, SCYYRA, US Sailing) Jr. Event.

    Seven-Up Cup
    (Established 1947, Elmer Muhl and Seven-Up Bottling Company)
    Presented to the Junior Member who has accumulated the highest total points (see HP formula) in any individual class of boat during the year.

    Sam Cobean Perpetual Sabot Trophy
    (Established 1955, Sam Cobean)
    Awarded to the top finisher in the Jr/Sr. Sabot Regatta during Labor Day weekend.

    Lenson/Opening Day Sr. Sabot Race
    (Established 1973, Bob Lenson)
    Awarded to the CYC Member (over 18 yrs) who wins the 3-race Sabot regatta on CYC Opening Day.

    Jr. Directors Special Recognition Award
    (Established 1998, Jon Rogers)
    Awarded to any number of CYC Jr. Members, Volunteers or youth sailing participants who through their actions earn special recognition. Those to be recognized shall be selected by CYC Jr. Program Director. John Callahan Memorial, and the Fred and Ann Kirshner Award.

    Fred and Anne Kirschner Perpetual Award
    (Established 2003, Allie Collier Ginty)
    Awarded to an adult/adults who have consistently performed dedicated service to Coronado Yacht Club Junior Sailing.

    CYC High Point Formula

    Sailor is awarded points based on largest regatta of year. For example; 180 boats are entered in Dutch Shoe Marathon. Any sailor that places 1st in any Jr. Regatta is scored 180 points, 2nd place 179 points, 3rd place 178 points. Sailors who do not attend get 0 points.

    CYC Low Point Formula

    Overall finish position in regatta divided by number of entrants in fleet multiplied by 100. Example: 6th place with 20 entrants = 6/20 X 100+30 points. Most points a sailor can get if they attend are 100 points. Sailors who do not attend get 200 points.

    INSA Awards

    Jeanne Lynch Award
    Presented annually to an individual who has made outstanding contributions to the Naples Sabot Association.

    San Diego Area Yacht Club (SDAYC) Awards

    Paul J. Hartley “Junior Yachtsman of the Year”

    The Paul J. Hartley Memorial Award recognizes a junior yachtsman or yachtswoman under the age of 18 for both service to their community and their ability on the water.

    CYC Paul J. Hartley Award recipients:

    • 1974: Sue Mercer
    • 1991; David Houser
    • 1999; Lauren Bernsen
    • 2001; Lauren Bernsen

    Yacht Racing Union of Southern California (YRSUC) Awards

    Youth Excellence Award
    This award is presented annually to an outstanding youth sailor for his or her achievements in racing, citizenship, sportsmanship and social attitude.

    CYC Youth Excellence Award recipients:

    • 1990; David Houser
    • 1999; Lauren Bernsen

    The Jessica Uniak Sportsmanship Trophy
    This trophy is awarded annually to a volunteer involved in youth sailing that has exhibited outstanding enthusiasm and energy in advancing youth sailing.

    Southern California Yachting Association | www.scya.org

    Midwinter Regatta (All Classes) Sailed in February each year. 2007 was the 78th year that the SCYA has sponsored and coordinated the Midwinter regatta. With approximately 30 yacht clubs, hosting different classes and nearly 1,000 boats competing over the same weekend. This is not a Jr. Event as it is open to sailors of all ages.

    Southern California Youth Yacht Racing Association (SCYRRA) | www.scyyra.org

    North Series (Sabot) Fleet racing for the Sabot A Fleet. The purpose is to encourage travel and high caliber competition for youth racing in Southern California at the major bays for Naples Sabots. The North perpetual trophy is awarded to the top Sabot A Fleet sailor for Southern California based on results calculated from the sailor’s finishes at these four regattas through the winter months:

    • Junior Invitational | January, SDYC
    • Spring Gold Cup | March, NHYC
    • Fall Regatta | September, ABYC
    • Jr. Commodore’s Regatta | November, MBYC

    Ullman/Frost (Laser/Laser Radial) A series of regattas open to all Laser (Ullman), and Laser Radial (Frost) sailors under the age of 21. The Ullman and Frost perpetual trophies are awarded to the top sailors in their respective classes in Southern California based on the skipper’s finishes at these regattas:

    • Labor Day Regatta | September, ABYC
    • Turkey Day Regatta | November, ABYC
    • Midwinter West | March, MBYC
    • Regatta | May, CalYC

    Perry (420) A series of regattas open to all 420 sailors under the age of 21. The Perry perpetual trophies are awarded to the top sailors in their respective classes in Southern California based on the skipper’s finishes at these regattas:

    • Perry #1 | September, CBYC
    • Perry #2 | November, SDYC
    • Perry #3 | January, CYC Perry #4 | April, BCYC

    Shadden Series (FJ) A series of four regattas open to all Flying Juniors (FJ’s) sailors under the age of 21. The purpose is to encourage travel and high caliber competition for youth racing in Southern California at the major bays for the FJ double-handed dinghy. The series takes place in the fall and winter months of each year. All sailors under 21 are eligible. The skipper and crew with the lowest combined points for all of the series regatta wins.

    • Fall Gold Cup (2 day) | September, NHYC
    • Regatta (1 day) | October, CalYC
    • Regatta (1 day) | January, SDYC
    • Regatta (2 day) | March, ABYC

    Dick Sweet Perpetual Series (Sabot) Team Race Sabot Team Racing for teams of 3 sailors. Open to all clubs in the Southern California area. Two teams compete at a time, with a complete round robin constituting a regatta. Three separate regattas during July make up the entire series. Members from a team must be from the same yacht club.

    Governor’s Cup (GC 21) An International junior Match Racing Regatta. Hosted by Balboa YC. The skipper and crew must be 15 years old or older but must not have reached their 20th birthday by the finish of the event. Skipper and crew must be from the same club. 3 sailors and an alternate represent each club. Yacht clubs wishing to participate must make a challenge by filling out an application with a resume of the team and the challenging club.

    International Naples Sabot Association |www.naples-sabot.org

    Sabot Nationals Held each year in either the San Diego, Newport Beach or Long Beach areas. As per INSA rules, sailors are either pre-qualified from the prior year, or they sail on the elimination day and qualify for the remaining spaces available.

    Sabot II South & Sabot II Championship “11 and under” RegattasSailors 11 years of age and under may participate in the Sabot II South Regatta. The top 10 sailors continue on to compete in the Sabot II Championships. Location varies.

    California International Sailing Association (CISA) | www.cisasailing.org

    Advanced Racing Clinic An advanced racing clinic hosted by Alamitos Bay Yacht Club during Spring Break each year. Attendees are accepted based on sailing resumes. Classes of boats include Laser, Laser Radial, FJ, 420 and 29er’s. Instructors are all former Olympic, World, Collegiate or Youth National Champions.

    Thanksgiving Clinic An advanced clinic hosted by ABYC that is invitation only.

    US Sailing Association Junior Championships | www.ussailing.org

    Jr. Women’s Single-Handed Nationals (Leiter) This event is open to girls 13-18 years old for the entire calendar year of the event. It is most often sailed in Laser Radials and the sites vary throughout the United States. There is no qualification racing for this event. However, participants should have prior experience racing Laser Radials. Boats are not provided. Boat charters are available.

    Jr. Women’s Double-Handed Nationals (Ida Lewis) This event is open to girls 13-18 years old. It is most often sailed in 420 dinghies, and includes the spinnaker and trapeze. Site varies. There is no qualification for this event. However, participants should have prior experience in 420’s or FJ. Boats are not provided. Boat charters are available.

    Sears/Bemis/Smythe Junior Championships These are US Sailing sponsored ladder events open to juniors at least 13 years old but who have not reached their 18th birthday during the calendar year. The Sears Cup is crews of 3 or 4 in Lightnings, J-24’s, or Santana 20’s. The Bemis Cup is double-handed boats, either 420’s, Laser II’s, or FJ’s. The Smythe Cup is almost always sailed in Lasers. Any junior can participate in the “Area J” qualifier usually sailed in June or July. Simply register and race. The first place finisher in each of the three divisions advances to the final event sailed during the third week of August.

    Junior Olympic Festivals These regattas are run in each of seven regions in the United States. The California event is held in July and the site varies. Boats involved are most often Lasers, Laser Radials, FJ’s, 420’s and 29er’s. Winners qualify immediately for JO National Championship, aka US Youth Champs.

    US Youth Champs This is the most prestigious national junior event of the sailing season each year. It is open to all juniors age 19 and under who are accepted through an application/resume process. Applicants may not turn 20 years old in the calendar year. Approximately 60 single-handed, 30 double-handed teams, and 30 board sailors are selected by virtue of their sailing resume by US Sailing’s Championship Committee. The boats used in these events are decided upon years in advance to allow sailors to train and campaign for this event. Applications are available in early January and are due back to US Sailing by April 1st. Acceptances are sent out by early May, and the Championships are usually held in June.

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    San Diego Area Yacht Clubs & Associations and Junior Program Listings

    San Diego Association of Yacht Clubs (SDAYC) | www.sdayc.org

    Sabot/Laser/Laser Radial “Luff-Ins” (Conner/Haines/Isler Perpetual Series)
    A series of six regattas (“Luff-Ins”) open to all Sabot sailors, fleets (A, B, C1,C2,C3), and all Laser and Laser Radial sailors under the age of 19. The Dennis Conner perpetual trophy is awarded at the final “Luff-Ins” to the top Sabot A Fleet sailor, the Robbie Haines perpetual trophy is awarded to the top Laser sailor in the San Diego area, and the JJ Isler perpetual trophy is awarded to the top Laser Radial sailor based on results calculated from the sailor’s final finishing position in all six Luff-Ins.

    • SWYC | Early February
    • OYC | May
    • MBYC | Early June
    • CYC | July
    • SDYC | October

    420/FJ “Luff-In” (Reynolds/Hart Perpetual Series)

    A series of six regattas (“Luff-Ins”) open to all 420’s and FJ’s. The Mark Reynolds perpetual is awarded at the final “Luff-In” to the top 420 Skipper and Crew and the Doug Hart perpetual to the top FJ Skipper and Crew.

    • SWYC | Early February
    • SDYC | March
    • OYC | April
    • MBYC | Early June
    • CYC | July
    • CVYC | October

    San Diego Junior Programs & Contacts

    • Coronado Yacht Club Junior Program | CYC
      1631 Strand Way
      Coronado, CA 91118(619) 435-0522
      www.coronadoyc.org/jrsailing
      Jill Powell, Jr. Program Director @ jrdirector@coronadoyc.org
    • Mission Bay Yacht Club Junior Program | MBYC
      1215 El Carmel Pl
      . San Diego, CA 92106(858) 488-0121
      www.mbyc.org
      Chris Wright, Jr. Director @ juniors@mbyc.org
    • Oceanside Yacht Club Junior Program | OYC
      1950 Harbor Dr. North
      Oceanside, CA 92054(760) 722-5751
      www.oceansideyc.org
    • San Diego Yacht Club Junior Program | SDYC
      1011 Anchorage Ln.
      San Diego, CA 92106(619) 758-6320
      www.sdyc.org
      John Fretwell, Program Director
    • Southwestern Yacht Club Junior Program | SWYC
      2702 Qualtrough
      San Diego, CA 92106(619) 222-0438
      www.southwesternyc.org
      Jana Odou, Program Director
    • Silver Gate Yacht Club Junior Program | SGYC
      2091 Shelter Island Drive
      San Diego, CA 92106(619) 222-1214

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    Southern California Area Yacht Clubs & Association Listings

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    Glossary of Terms

    Abeam: Off to the side of a vessel at right angles to the boat’s centerline.
    Aboard: On or in the boat
    Anchor: A device used to hold a boat to the sea bottom
    Aft: At, near or towards the stern.
    Apparent Wind: The wind that flows over a moving boat, which is a result of the “true wind” affected by the movement of the boat.
    Appendage: An underwater fin such as a centerboard dagger board, leeboard or rudder.
    Astern: Behind the boat
    Backing: Pushing out a sail so that the wind fills it from the opposite side. Used to slow a boat or turn the bow away from the wind when in irons; back winding – a sail backwinds with the wind funneling on the wrong side.
    Bailer: A device used to remove water from the boat. A bailer is required equipment for a Sabot.
    Batten: Thin fiberglass or wood slats that are inserted in the leech (outside) of the sail for added support.
    Beam: Maximum width of a boat; beam reach – sailing at approximately 90 degrees to the wind with the wind coming from abeam and the sails eased about half way.
    Beat: Advance to windward on alternate tacks; beating – to sail to windward, close-hauled, tacking to make way to windward.
    Bitter end: End of a line.
    Block: A pulley that is encased in its own housing. A block will help to add purchase when pulling on a line. It is important to use the correct size line with the blocks on your boat.
    Bolt: rope Sewn around luff and foot of sails to give added strength to sail where it attaches to mast or boom.
    Boom: Horizontal spar that supports the foot (bottom) of the sail. Named for the sound it makes when it hits someone’s head.
    Boom Vang: A line that runs from the boom to the base of the mast. The vang helps keep the boom down and tighten the back (leech) of the sail.
    Bow: The forward part of a boat, the pointy end.
    Bow Line: Also known as a painter. The bow line is used to tie the boat to the dock or to a tow line. Minimum 10 foot bowline is required equipment. Best if at least ¼” in diameter.
    Broad Reach: Sailing with the wind coming over the rear corner of the boat (quarter), or with the bow approximately 120-160 degrees from the source (eye) of the wind.
    By-the-lee: Running with the wind on the same side as the boom, increasing the possibility of an accidental jibe.
    Burgee: A flag, often triangular, that serves as the unique emblem for each yacht club.
    Capsize: A boat turned over on its side or upside down (turtled).
    Cast off: To untie a line and let it go, or remove a line from a cleat and let it go.
    Catamaran: A boat with two parallel hulls.
    Centerboard: A thin, wide blade going down through the bottom of the hull in the center of the boat. This blade helps to keep the boat from going sideways in the water. It serves the same purpose as a leeboard or a dagger board.
    Center of Effort: Center of sail area, the focal point of the forces generated by the sail area. Center of lateral resistance: Center of underwater hull profile, the focal point of the forces generated by the underwater foils.
    Cleat: A fitting where a line can be secured.
    Clew: The aft lower corner of the sail is the clew. It is where the foot and the leech of the sail meet.
    Close-hauled: Sailing as close to the wind as possible.
    Close reach: Sailing with the wind forward of the beam, or with the bow approximately 60 degrees from the eye of the wind.
    Clove Hitch: Similar to two half hitch knot. Most often used to hang fenders over side of boat for protection.
    Course: The direction a boat is steered to reach a destination; or the compass heading; or the angle a boat is sailing relative to the wind.
    Crew: The people who help the helmsperson sail a boat.
    Cockpit: Open part of boat.
    Cunningham: A control line used to tension the forward edge (luff) of a sail, similar to a downhaul.
    Dagger board: Foil raised and lowered vertically used to reduce leeway, different from centerboard which is pivoted instead of raised.
    Dinghy: An open boat, or one partially decked over without a cabin.
    Dolly: A lightweight trailer that is used to move boats from their storage rack to the launch dock.
    Duct Tape: A heavy duty, usually gray tape that will fix almost anything at least temporarily. You can never have enough.
    Ease: To slack a line or sail, i.e. To “sheet” out.
    Eye of the Wind: From the source of the wind; directly into the direction from which the wind is blowing from, the no-sail-zone.
    Fairlead Block: or fitting used to change the direction of a running line such a jib sheet.
    Feathering Sailing: upwind so close to the wind that the forward edge of the sail is stalling or luffing, slightly thus reducing the power generated by the sail and the angle of heel without stalling completely.
    Fenders Cushions: to reduce the chafe between a boat and the dock or other boats
    Fiberglass: Most modern boats are made of fiberglass. It is a woven material impregnated with a liquid resin that is very stiff when the resin dries.
    Figure 8 knot: Stopper knot in the shape of an “8” used for the end of a line to prevent it from passing through a fairlead or eye.
    Fleet: For racing purposes, sailors are grouped in fleets according to experience. The Sabot “A” fleet is the more advanced group, with B, C and C3 fleets being progressively more basic.
    Flying Junior: The FJ is a two person boat. It is a primary junior training boat, often used in high school sailing events.
    Foot: The bottom edge of the sail between the tack (front corner) and the clew (back corner).
    Forestay: Forward support of mast, usually wire lead from bow to mast, part of the standing rigging.
    Give way: The boat which must alter course to avoid another boat, the burdened boat in the Rules of the Road
    Gooseneck: A hinged fitting on the mast that connects the mast to the boom.
    Grommet: A metal ring in a sail that allows lines to be connected through or to the sail. Both the clew and the tack have grommets.
    Gudgeon: A “U” shaped fitting on the back of a boat used to connect the rudder to the hull. Most sailing dinghies have two gudgeons.
    Halyards: Lines that are attached to the head of a sail and used to hoist sails up the mast.
    Head: The top of the sail.
    Header: A wind direction change “shift” that brings the wind closer to the bow.
    Heading: The direction the boat is travelling at any given moment.
    Head Up: Turn the bow of the boat toward the wind.
    Heel: To lean a boat over, generally away from the wind.
    Helm: 1) the tiller; 2) the tendency of a boat to turn toward the wind (weather helm) or away from the wind (lee helm)
    Helmsperson: The person who steers a boat, i.e. skipper
    Hiking Out: The action of hanging over the side of the boat in order to keep the boat flat on the water.
    Hiking Boots: Special boots made of thick rubber that protect and support a sailor’s ankles when using the hiking strap to hike out.
    iking Strap: A strap, usually stiff, sometimes padded for comfort, attached to the bottom of the cockpit under which a sailor places his/her feet in order to hold the sailor in the boat while hiking out.
    Hull: The actual body of the boat.
    INSA: International Naples Sabot Association. This is the class association for the Sabot. All Sabot racing fleet members must join.
    In irons: A boat head to wind with all sails luffing and no maneuverability.
    Inspection Port: A hole in the hull of the boat that allows the skipper to reach inside the hull to make repairs, or sponge out water.
    Jib: The front sail on boats with two or more sails. It is small and triangular in shape.
    Jibe: (Gybe) Turning the boat away from the wind so the stern passes through the wind and the sail(s) switches sides.
    Laser: A popular 14 ft. high performance single hand boat. Used in the Olympics for men’s and women’s single hand event.
    Lee: The area sheltered from the wind, downwind; leeward (pronounced loo-ward) – the direction away from the wind, the side of the boat opposite the windward side.
    Leech: The aft edge of the sail. The leech connects the head and the clew of the sail.
    Lifejacket: A jacket type device that provides flotation when sailors are in the water. A Coast Guard approved Personal Flotation Device (PFD) must be worn by all Junior’s while on the docks or the water. Only the vest type jacket is acceptable.
    Luff or Luffing: 1) The forward edge of the sail nearest the mast, between the tack and the head of the sail; 2) when a sail is waving back and forth as the sail is “eased” out too much or the boat is heading into the wind, the sail is said to be luffing, like a flag flying in the breeze. 3) when the boat turns its bow toward the wind the boat is said to be luffing.
    Mainsheet: The line attached to the boom that controls the Mainsail in and out.
    Mast: The vertical spar that supports the sail.
    Mast blocks: Small pieces of wood or plastic used to support the mast in a forward or aft position.
    Mast Tube: A tube on a Sabot that the mast fits into and supports the mast.
    One-design: Any class of boat that has specific requirements for size and shape of hulls, sails and equipment to keep them equal, i.e. Sabots, FJ’s and Lasers.
    Outhaul: A line attached to the clew of the mainsail and used to stretch the sail out along the boom. The outhaul controls the “depth” of the sail.
    Paddle: A small board or device used to move the boat in case of emergency or lack of wind. Paddle is required equipment on Sabots and many small boats.
    Pintles: The pins on the rudder that are inserted into the gudgeons on the transom of the boat to connect the rudder to the hull.
    Planing: When a boat accelerates enough to break loose from its bow wave and ride on top of the water.
    Port: Refers to the left side of the boat as well as to which tack a boat is on. If a boat is on “port tack” the wind is coming over the left side of the boat.
    Ratchet Block: These are special blocks that rotate in only one direction. They grip the line passing through the ratchet block, relieving some of the “pull” on that line.
    Reach: Sail with the wind over the side. i.e.: a beam reach is the wind approx. 90 degrees from the bow, broad reach 130-170 degrees from the bow, or close reach with the wind 55-80 from the bow.
    Rudder: The movable, underwater blade on the transom of the boat used for steering.
    Run: Sail downwind, with the wind aft or nearly so, i.e. Sailing with the wind.
    Sabot: A popular one person sailing dinghy used mainly in Southern California. They are 8 ft. long and weigh about 100 lbs.
    Sail: The part of the boat’s equipment which is usually made from cloth and which is attached to the mast and is the boat’s primary reason for movement.
    Sailing Instructions: At each regatta, these are made available to all competitors. They tell the sailors important information about the schedule for the day, starting order, courses to be sailed, etc.
    Sea breeze: Wind from the ocean caused by warm air rising over the land and the cool ocean wind replacing it.
    Shackle: A U shaped metal ring with a pin to close the “U”. It is used to connect objects together, such as connecting the jib halyard to the head (top) of the jib.
    Sheets: All lines on a boat which are used to control the in and out motion of sail.
    S-Hook: A stainless steel “S” shaped hook used on the end of many control lines that allows for quick hook up and disconnect.
    Shrouds: Wires that hold the mast to the sides of the boat and support the power of the sails. Part of the standing rigging.
    Skipper: The person in charge of the boat, usually the person steering the boat.
    Skippers Meeting: All regattas begin with a Skippers Meeting. The meeting reviews the Sailing Instructions, special rules and to answer questions. Check Notice of Race (NOR): or Sailing Instructions to determine the time and place.
    Stand on: To hold course, the privileged boat in the Rules of the Road.
    Starboard: Refers to the right side of the boat. A boat is on a “starboard tack” when the wind is on its starboard side (coming over the right side of the boat).
    Stern: Aft (back) end of a boat.
    Stopper knot: A knot on the end of a line to prevent it from passing through a block, like the Figure 8 knot.
    Tack: 1) If a boat’s bow passes through the eye of the wind, then it is said to be tacking. 2) The direction the boat is sailing (see starboard and port). 3) The lower front corner of the sail where the luff and the foot of the sail meet.
    Telltales: Small lengths of lightweight material attached to the sail near the luff or batten pockets of main sail to indicate the airflow over the sail.
    Thwart: A structural board in the center of a Sabot. Juniors should sit next to the thwart when sailing.
    Tiller:The long piece of wood that is connected to the top of the rudder. It changes the boat’s direction when moved from side to side.
    Tiller Extension: A hinged extension attached to the tiller that allows the skipper to steer the boat while sitting forward or hiking out. This is standard equipment for all boats in the program.
    Transom: The very back edge of the boat is called the transom. It is where the name of the boat is often painted.
    Traveler: A line or track that controls sideways movement of the boom and mainsail.
    Trim: 1)Pulling or “sheeting” in a sail. 2)Fore and aft balance of a boat or 3)can be used to refer to the adjustment of sails to take the best advantage of the wind.
    True wind: The speed and direction of the wind felt by a stationary object.
    Turtle, turn turtle: When a vessel is capsized and completely inverted so that its hull is above the water and its mast is submerged.
    US SAILING: The United States Sailing Association. All sailors should belong to this organization. US Sailing sponsors all Junior National Sailing Championship events.
    Weather: Toward the wind.
    Windward: The general direction the wind is coming from.
    Wing and wing: Running before the wind with the main sail and jib on opposite sides of the boat
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